Incidental and Naturalistic Teaching
Naturalistic teaching aims to emphasize the physical and social contexts in which learning occurs, what is motivating for the child, and what the child is most likely to want to communicate about. Some naturalistic teaching methods include:
- Pivotal Response Training
- Incidental teaching
- Natural Language Teaching Paradigm.
These approaches aim for a more natural approach to supporting language and communication development for children with Autism, Asperger's syndrome or other developmental disorders. The child becomes the focal point of social interactions and has more control over preferred activities and topics of conversation. Providing choices for the child increase the motivation to learn and provide opportunities to learn from the consequences of their choices. Naturalistic teaching allows the generalization of skills acquired as learning occurs in a variety of natural environments.
CONSEQUENTIAL MANAGEMENT OF BEHAVIORS
Managing behaviors in the context of autism or Asperger's syndrome can be very difficult, and it is natural to want to express our frustration at non-compliance and resort to punishment. However, concentrating on positive language and providing alternatives will increase the chances of modeling more appropriate behaviors.
Consequential management is a positive response to challenging behavior. It serves to give the person informed choice. It gives the person an opportunity to learn. Consequences exist within our society, and we live with the consequences of our actions on a daily basis. For example, if we speed and are caught, the consequence is more than likely to be that we will get a speeding ticket. The use of consequential management is a positive response to behavior, it allows a person informed choice and an opportunity for learning.
Consequences must be clearly related to the challenging behavior. For example, if a glass of water was thrown and the glass smashed, the logical consequence would be for the person to clean up the mess and replace the glass. If an unrelated punishment was enforced, such as not being able to go to the movies the next day, the child will probably not be able to see or understand the link, and the learning benefits of the process would be lost.